Pakistan on Tuesday elected a close ally of Prime Minister Imran Khan as its new president, further cementing the ruling party's power after a general election victory.
Narendra Modi used the speech to broadcast his government's achievements, amid concerns about lack of jobs and rising violence against Muslims.
Khawaja Asif, a staunch ally of ousted prime minister and PML-N founder Nawaz Sharif, was disqualified from parliament by a lower court in April.
Emmerson Mnangagwa, who became president following the military takeover, has promised to deliver on free and fair elections.
Anti-government protesters began marching in Bangkok on Tuesday from a university in the Thai capital to Government House to demand that the military government hold a general election by November.
A four-party alliance driven by Mahathir and Anwar won the general election last week, ousting the ruling Barisan Nasional coalition for the first time in the history of the Southeast Asian nation.
Official results from the Election Commission of votes cast showed that Prime Minister Najib Razak's ruling coalition, Barisan Nasional (BN), had so far won 25 of parliament's 222 seats and Mahathir's alliance had won 16.
Voters queued at polling stations across Lebanon on Sunday to take part in its first general election in nine years - an event seen as important for economic stability but unlikely to upset the overall balance of power.
Malaysian authorities are investigating opposition leader Mahathir Mohamad under an anti-fake news law over claims that his plane was sabotaged in the run up to a general election next week, police said on Wednesday.