India’s wholesale price inflation slowed last month to its lowest in nearly five years, data showed yesterday, but the country’s central bank governor dampened hopes of an interest rate cut.
The Wholesale Price Index rose 3.74% year-on-year – far below market forecasts of 4.40% – and sharply lower than the 5.19% rate clocked up the previous month, data released by the commerce ministry showed.
The better-than-expected wholesale price inflation performance came on the heels of a marginal weakening in retail prices in August to 7.8% year-on-year from 7.96% the previous month.
But Reserve Bank of India governor Raghuram Rajan said there was still some “way to go” before “we are out of the woods”, indicating rates would remain on hold at the bank’s policy review meet on September 30.
“Inflation has come down. This is consistent with our forecast, and I am glad it is staying with our view,” Rajan told a meeting of business leaders in Mumbai before the data was released.
“Bottom line, macro-economic indicators are improving. But still have some way to go before we can declare that we (the economy) are out of the woods,” said Rajan, a former IMF chief economist.
“And I am hopeful that is only a matter of time before that happens.”
Rajan has made taming inflation a top priority, despite business leaders clamouring for rate cuts to spur an economy which has been in stuck in its longest spell of weak growth for a quarter of a century.
Wholesale prices for fuel and power rose 4.54% in August, down from 7.40% in July. Food inflation, meanwhile, eased to 5.15% compared with 8.43% the previous month.
Analysts also said rates were likely to stay on hold later this month, with retail inflation, which was released on Friday, still above the bank’s target of 6% by 2016.
“The central bank will want to see more evidence that inflation is coming down before it cuts rates,” DK Joshi, chief economist of leading Indian credit rating agency Crisil, told AFP.
“Consumer prices did show some positive indications but the central bank would like to wait for more signals and want to be assured that inflation is on a persistently declining trajectory,” Joshi said.
“Inflation has surprised everyone in the past – negatively,” Joshi said, especially with the full impact of a weak annual monsoon on food prices still not known.
The Wholesale Price Index used to be India’s benchmark inflation measure.
But the central bank has been watching more the Consumer Price index, which is based on a narrower basket of goods than the Wholesale Price Index, seeing it as a better reflection of prices at the retail level.Last updated:
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