Reuters / Singapore
China has agreed three huge liquefied natural gas (LNG) deals with US exporter Venture Global LNG as the world’s second-biggest economy looks to secure long-term supplies amid soaring gas prices and domestic power shortages.
According to documents posted on the US department of energy website, the agreements with China’s state oil giant Sinopec include two 20-year deals for a combined 4mn tonnes of LNG per year.
Those deals bring Venture Global’s plant in Plaquemines, Louisiana, with an export capacity of up to 20mn tonnes per annum (mtpa), one step closer to a final investment decision which is expected by the end of this year.
For China — which has this year overtaken Japan as the world’s top LNG buyer — the deals will be its single largest LNG trade agreement in terms of volumes without an equity stake, a senior Beijing-based gas industry source said.
They will also double the volumes China imports from the United States, its sixth-ranked supplier last year with volumes at 3.1mn tonnes.
Both of the 20-year deals are sales and purchase agreements, according to the notice, which did not specify when the supplies would start, but added they were signed last month.
One is for 2.8 mtpa of LNG sold on a free-on-board (FOB) basis and the other for 1.2 mtpa sold on a delivered at place unloaded (DPU) basis.
Venture Global also signed a third deal with Unipec, the trading arm of Sinopec, to supply 1 mtpa of LNG from its Calcasieu Pass Facility for three years starting March 1, 2023, according to a separate document posted on the US government website.
Sinopec and Venture Global declined to comment.
A second Beijing-based industry executive said the deals were likely to be announced at China’s annual Import Expo in Shanghai next month.
Reuters reported last week that major Chinese companies are in advanced talks with US exporters to secure long-term LNG supplies as rocketing gas prices and domestic power shortages heighten concerns about the country’s fuel security.
In addition, US Henry Hub futures linked pricing offers a hedge to Chinese buyers that are heavily exposed to oil benchmark Brent-based pricing.
Venture Global’s agreements with Sinopec follows an earlier announcement by China’s privately controlled ENN Natural Gas Co for a 13-year deal with US LNG exporter Cheniere Energy, which was the first major US-China deal since 2018.
Venture Global is building or developing over 50 mtpa of LNG production capacity in Louisiana, including two 10-mtpa phases at Plaquemines, with the first phase expected to enter commercial service in 2024.
In a letter dated October 1, the firm said it had increased annual volumes to Poland’s PGNiG under a long-term deal to about 4 mpta tonnes from about 2.5 mtpa from the Plaquemines plant.
Its 10 mtpa Calcasieu Pass facility, expected to cost around $4.5bn and start producing LNG in test mode in late 2021, has 20-year LNG sale and purchase agreements with Shell, BP, Edison SpA, Galp, Repsol and PGNiG.
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